42. Segment reporting

Segmentation follows the group’s internal reporting as it is used as a basis for resource allocation and performance measurement by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (member of the Management Board of METRO AG).

METRO is active in the self-service trade with the brands METRO and MAKRO as well as in the delivery sales (FSD) with the METRO delivery service and, among others, with the supply specialists Classic Fine Foods, Pro à Pro and Rungis Express. Operating segments are aggregated to form reporting segments based on the division of the business into individual regions. The individual regions are Germany, Western Europe (excluding Germany), Russia, Eastern Europe (excluding Russia) and Asia.

The Others segment includes in particular Hospitality Digital, the business unit that bundles the group’s digitalisation initiatives. It also includes service companies METRO PROPERTIES, METRO LOGISTICS, METRO-NOM, METRO ADVERTISING and METRO SOURCING and others, which provide group-wide services in the areas of real estate, logistics, information technology, advertising and procurement.

Based on the decision of the Management Board of METRO AG of the hypermarket business and METRO China, these operating reporting units form discontinued business sectors, which are also presented as discontinued operations in the segment reporting.

The key components of segment reporting are as follows:

  • External sales represent sales of the operating segments to third parties outside the group.
  • Internal sales represent sales between the group’s operating segments. These transactions are settled at normal market conditions.
  • Segment comprises before depreciation and reversals of goodwill, impairment losses of property, plant and equipment, other intangible assets and investment properties.
  • The earnings contributions from real estate transactions include the EBITDA-effective earnings from the disposal of land and land usage rights and/or buildings as part of a disposal transaction. Earnings from the disposal of dedicated real estate companies or the disposal of shares in such companies capitalised at-equity are, as a result of their commercial substance, also included in the earnings contributions from real estate transactions. The earnings have been reduced by cost components incurred in relation to real estate transactions.
  • All earnings contributions from real estate transactions are adjusted in the EBITDA excluding earnings contributions from real estate transactions.
  • EBIT is the key ratio for segment reporting and describes operating earnings for the period before net financial result and income taxes. Intra-group rental contracts are shown as operating leases in the segments. The rental takes place at normal market conditions. The properties are leased at market terms. In principle, store-related risks and impairment risks related to non-current assets are only shown in the segments where they represent group risks. In analogy, this also applies to deferred assets and liabilities, which are only shown at segment level if this was also required in the consolidated balance sheet.
  • Segment investments include additions (including additions to the consolidation groups) to goodwill, other intangible assets and property, plant and equipment and investment properties. Exceptions to this are additions due to the reclassification of ‘assets held for sale’ as non-current assets.
  • The non-current segment assets include the non-current assets reported in the balance sheet with the exception of financial investments and investments accounted for using the equity method, and tax items.
  • In principle, transfers between segments are made based on the costs incurred from the group’s perspective.

The reconciliation from non-current segment assets to non-current group assets is shown in the following table: non-current assets according to segment reporting only include the values of continuing operations in the . Therefore, the non-current assets of METRO China must be taken into account in the previous year and are therefore part of the reconciliation:

€ million




Adjustment of previous year according to explanation in notes.

Non-current segment assets



plus non-current segment assets METRO China



Financial assets



Investments accounted for using the equity method



Deferred tax assets






Non-current group assets



Wholesale, METRO Wholesale
The METRO Wholesale segment comprises the METRO Wholesale sales line of METRO AG with 678 wholesale stores across 34 countries worldwide. This also includes the delivery business (Food Service Distribution) with the METRO delivery service and companies like the delivery specialists Classic Fine Foods, Pro à Pro and Rungis Express.
EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortisation)
Profit or loss before interest result, income taxes, depreciation/amortisation/impairment losses/reversals of impairment losses on property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment properties. This key figure serves the purpose of comparing companies with accounting systems that follow different accounting rules.
EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes)
Profit or loss before financial result and (income) taxes. Due to its independence from different forms of financing and tax systems, this key figure can also be used for international comparison with other companies.
Previous year
Period of 12 months, usually cited as reference for statements in an annual report.