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3. Selling expenses

Selling expenses include personnel expenses in the amount of €2,150 million (2021/22: €2,143 million) as well as cost of material in the amount of €2,201 million (2021/22: €2,148 million).

In the area of personnel expenses, wages and salaries increased in the current financial year, while lower restructuring expenses were incurred.

The increase in cost of material primarily results from increased energy prices. Furthermore, maintenance, travel and other transport costs as well as costs of payment transactions have increased. Moreover, depreciation of property, plant and equipment has also increased. This was countered by the decline in advertising costs.

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